Appealing Unfair Dismissal

Appealing Unfair Dismissal in Ireland: A Comprehensive Guide

Appealing Unfair Dismissal in Ireland: A Comprehensive Guide

Dealing with an unfair dismissal can be a stressful and confusing experience. In Ireland, specific procedures and laws are designed to protect employees and provide them with a means to appeal if they believe they have been unfairly dismissed. This article will delve into the process of appealing unfair dismissal in Ireland.

Understanding Unfair Dismissal

When an employee’s employment contract is ended by their employer without cause or after failing to follow the proper procedures, this is known as an unfair dismissal. It’s important to understand that not all dismissals are considered unfair and that specific requirements must be completed for a dismissal to qualify as unfair.

Unfair Dismissal Laws in Ireland

The Unfair Dismissals Act 1977-2015 is the primary legislation covering unfair dismissal in Ireland. This act provides guidelines for unfair dismissal and outlines the process for appealing such dismissals.

The Unfair Dismissal Appeal Process

The appeal process can be complex, and it’s crucial to understand each step to ensure you’re adequately prepared.

Internal Appeal

The first step in the appeal process is often an internal appeal. This involves lodging a formal appeal with your employer and allowing them to remedy the situation.

Workplace Relations Commission (WRC)

If the internal appeal does not yield a satisfactory result, the next step is to bring the case to the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC). The WRC provides an impartial platform for employees and employers to resolve disputes.

Labour Court

If the WRC’s decision isn’t satisfactory, an appeal can be made to the Labour Court, which is the final stage in the appeal process.

Preparing for an Unfair Dismissal Appeal

Gathering Evidence

One of the most critical parts of preparing for an appeal is gathering evidence to support your claim. This could include email correspondence, witness testimonies, or any other documents that may prove your case.

Legal Representation

While not mandatory, having a legal representative can significantly increase your chances of a successful appeal. A legal professional can provide guidance and ensure you’re well-prepared for each step of the appeal process.

Navigating the Appeal Hearings

Explaining your position concisely and convincingly during the appeal proceedings is essential. You or your legal representation must give proof to support your argument that the dismissal was unfair.

Possible Outcomes of an Appeal

The outcome of an appeal can vary. It may result in reinstatement to your previous position, re-engagement in a different role, or financial compensation.

Post-Appeal Steps

If your appeal is successful, it’s essential to understand the next steps, including returning to work or negotiating a settlement agreement.

The Takeaway

In Ireland, appealing a wrongful dismissal can be a complicated and drawn-out process. To improve your chances of a favourable result, it is essential to be aware of your rights, compile substantial proof, and take legal counsel into consideration.


How long do I have to appeal an unfair dismissal in Ireland?

You usually have six months from the termination date to file a claim with the Workplace Relations Commission. In extreme cases, when it can be shown that delaying submitting the claim was justified, this can be extended to 12 months.

Do I need a solicitor to appeal an unfair dismissal?

While having a lawyer is not necessary, it is very advantageous. You can get assistance from a lawyer to help you through the procedure, ensure you adhere to all deadlines, and help you present your case in the best possible light.

What kind of evidence do I need for an unfair dismissal appeal?

Any paperwork or correspondence about your job and termination may be used as evidence, including your employment contract, emails, letters, and other records supporting your claim. Additionally, witness statements can be beneficial.

What can I expect from the appeal hearings?

Both parties will get a chance to argue their points during the appeal proceedings. Your claim will be supported by evidence presented by you or a legal representative, who may also be asked questions.

What happens if my unfair dismissal appeal is successful?

If your appeal is granted, the result can differ. You can be put back in your old position, given another employment within the business, or given money.

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